Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Main definition
The right of rectification is the right to obtain from the controller the rectification without delay of inaccurate or incomplete personal data. To exercise the right of rectification, the data subject usually has to write to the controller of the processing operation. By way of illustration, if you need to change your personal address or if you find that information about you is inaccurate, you should exercise your right of rectification by contacting the controller who holds these data.
Data retention refers to all obligations on the part of controllers to retain personal data for certain purposes. To limit how long you keep personal data is part of data minimisation. The rule of thumb is "as long as necessary, as short as possible", although sometimes legal rules may impose fixed periods. Data that are no longer retained cannot fall into the wrong hands, nor be abused, meaning that defining and enforcing limited conservation periods helps to protect the people whose data are processed.
Right of Access
The right of an individual to inspect all personal data relating to them held by a data controller in an intelligible and, as far as is practicable, permanent format.
Right to be Forgotten
An individual
Right to Object
The controller shall no longer process the personal data unless the controller demonstrates compelling legitimate grounds for the processing which override the interests, rights and freedoms of the data subject or for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims.
Right to Restriction
Restriction of processing means the marking of stored personal data with the aim of limiting their processing in the future. This right can only be exercised where- - their accuracy is contested by the data subject, enabling though the controller to verify the accuracy, including the completeness of the data; - or the processing is unlawful and the data subject opposes their erasure and demands their restriction of processing instead. - or the controller no longer needs them for the accomplishment of its tasks but they have to be maintained for purposes of proof; - or the data subject has objected to processing to Article 23(1) pending the verification whether the legitimate grounds of the controller override those of the data subject. Personal data restricted can only be processed with the data subject's consent, for purposes of proof, or for the protection of the rights of a third party, or for reasons of important public interest of the Union or of a Member State.