Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Main definition
CCTV
Closed circuit television usually recorded and stored for security or monitoring purposes.
Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is Internet-based computing, whereby shared resources, software and information are provided to computers and other devices on-demand and it typically involves the provision of dynamically scalable and often virtualised resources as a service over the Internet.
Codes of Conduct
Introduced by the General Data Protection Regulation, codes of conduct are a new valid adequacy mechanism for the transfer of personal data outside of the European Union in the absence of an adequacy decision and instead of other mechanisms such as binding corporate rules or contractual clauses. Codes of conduct must be developed by industry trade groups, associations or other bodies representing categories of controllers or processors. They must be approved by supervisory authorities or the European Data Protection Board, and have a methodology for auditing compliance.
Collection Limitation
A fair information practices principle, it is the principle stating there should be limits to the collection of personal data, that any such data should be obtained by lawful and fair means and, where appropriate, with the knowledge or consent of the data subject.
Confidentiality
Confidentiality in a general sense refers to the duty not to share information with persons who are not qualified to receive that information.
Consent
Any freely given specific and informed indication of wishes by means of an active step taken by the data subject which signifies their agreement to personal data relating to them being processed.
Contractual Clauses
Adopted either directly by the European Commission or by a supervisory authority in accordance with the consistency mechanism and then adopted by the Commission, contractual clauses are mechanisms by which organisations can commit to protect personal data to facilitate ongoing and systematic cross-border personal data transfers.
Controller
means the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data; where the purposes and means of such processing are determined by Union or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for its nomination may be provided for by Union or Member State law.
Cookie
Short text files stored on the user
Cross-border Data Transfers
The transmission of personal information from one jurisdiction to another. Many jurisdictions, most notably the European Union, place significant restrictions on such transfers. The EU requires that the receiving jurisdiction be judged to have
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