Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Main definition
Accountability
This principle ensures that controllers are more in control and in the position to demonstrate compliance with data protection principles. Accountability requires that controllers put in place internal mechanisms and control systems that demonstrates compliance and provides evidence in order to demonstrate compliance.
Accuracy
Organisations must take every reasonable step to ensure the data processed is accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date. Reasonable measures should be understood as taking steps to prevent inaccuracies when the data is collected and processed. The organisation must consider the type of data and the specific purposes to maintain the accuracy of personal data in relation to the purpose.
Anonymous Information
Some data can be amended in such a way that no individuals can be identified from those data (whether directly or indirectly) by any means or by any person.
Appropriate Safeguards
The General Data Protection Regulation refers to appropriate safeguards in a number of contexts, including the transfer of personal data to third countries outside the European Union, the processing of special categories of data, and the processing of personal data in a law enforcement context. This generally refers to the application of the general data protection principles, in particular purpose limitation, data minimisation, limited storage periods, data quality, data protection by design and by default, legal basis for processing, processing of special categories of personal data, measures to ensure data security, and the requirements in respect of onward transfers to bodies not bound by the binding corporate rules. This may also refer to the use of encryption or pseudonymization, standard data protection clauses adopted by the Commission, contractual clauses authorized by a supervisory authority, or certification schemes or codes of conduct authorized by the Commission or a supervisory authority. Those safeguards should ensure compliance with data protection requirements and the rights of the data subjects appropriate to processing within the European Union.
Appropriate Technical and Organisational Measures
The General Data Protection Regulation requires a risk-based approach to data protection, whereby organizations take into account the nature, scope, context and purposes of processing, as well as the risks of varying likelihood and severity to the rights and freedoms of natural persons, and institute policies, controls and certain technologies to mitigate those risks. These "appropriate technical and organisational measures" might help meet the obligation to keep personal data secure, including technical safeguards against accidents and negligence or deliberate and malevolent actions, or involve the implementation of data protection policies. These measures should be demonstrable on demand to data protection authorities and reviewed regularly.
Automated Processing
Processing which significantly affects a person and which is based solely on automated processing of personal data in order to evaluate this person.
Availability
Data is "available" if it is accessible when needed by the organisation or data subject. The General Data Protection Regulation requires that a business be able to ensure the availability of personal data and have the ability to restore the availability and access to personal data in a timely manner in the event of a physical or technical incident.
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